Saturday, December 7, 2013

Facts and causes of hunger in the world

world hunger facts
financial speculation and demand for grain to produce biofuels is contaminated world hunger facts .
Participants in the food summit in Rome last year, stressed the need to " eliminate hunger in the world," stressed "the need to reduce the rate and the number of people who suffer from hunger and malnutrition , to halve, by 2015."
And still have 5 years to date , but the available indicators so far do not bode well .
Member States of the Organization of FAO stressed the " millennium goal " to eradicate hunger in June to June 2008 , but the number of hungry people increased in 2009 from 850 million to 1.2 billion world hunger facts .
It means that failure is still standing , and that the number of hungry people will not back down , to confirm that humans have not yet reached that level of humanity that drives them to address this phenomenon as a real disgrace .
Hunger may seem at first glance an economic phenomenon , but a phenomenon of the manifestations of the work of nature as well. This is the focus of most international organizations , including the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations . But there are those who consider political phenomenon world hunger facts . Failure of government and political randomized often an important factor in transforming agricultural communities that used to live in self-sufficient communities are hungry to lack the basic resources to stay on their land or interest in them .
However, there is a hunger of the social and cultural phenomenon . Societies that fail to resolve the crises coexistence among themselves often end up in poverty , and thus fall into the clutches of the conflict and hunger in the end world hunger facts . Instead of the measure means for the development of the resources , the knowledge of underdevelopment and the proliferation of ignorance makes it impossible for some communities to adapt to economic changes that revolve around them .
According to Food and Agriculture Organization
Natural disasters such as floods and tropical storms and prolonged droughts are increasing day after day world hunger facts - with disastrous consequences and the problems of food in poor developing countries .
The drought is currently the most common causes of food shortages in the world. In 2004 , caused a series of successive drought damage to crops and loss of large numbers of livestock in many countries such as Ethiopia , Eritrea, Somalia , Uganda and Kenya .
In many countries , climate change leads to the aggravation of natural conditions . For example , handles poor farmers in Ethiopia or Guatemala with little rainfall to sell livestock to cover their losses and pay for food. However, world hunger facts the continuing drought for consecutive years in the Horn of Africa and Central America works on the depletion of the country's resources .
The wars another factor leading to widen the circle of hunger . Since 1992 , doubled and food crises that can be caused by man , rising from 15 per cent to more than 35 per cent . Often , these emergency situations as a result of conflicts.
Starting from Asia and Africa and through the end of Latin America , fighting has displaced millions of people and their displacement from their homes , which led to the worst cases of hunger in the world . In 2004 , displacing the worsening conflict in Sudan's Darfur region more than a million people , causing a food crisis in the region was generally enjoying the rain and crops.
Typically , the " cycle of poverty " become like a millstone , the greater the rotation , the more crushing the poor among SÃO . The farmers can not in many developing countries buy seeds to be cultivated to provide food for their families . It also is not available to the artisans money to buy the equipment to work , others do not have the land or water or education to lay the foundations for a secure future world hunger facts . The poor do not have the money to buy or provide food for themselves and their families . And therefore they are weak and can not buy more food .
In the opinion of the Food and Agriculture Organization that " in the long term , is to improve agricultural production and the most successful optimal solution to the problem of hunger ."
And lacking in many developing countries to agricultural infrastructure , such as roads , warehouses and irrigation . This results in high transport costs and lack of storage facilities and the instability of the water resources , which leads to the lack of agricultural yields and lower chances of securing food. But although the majority of developing countries depend on agriculture , but the economic planning by governments are often more interested in urban development .
The working poor agricultural practices and deforestation on the depletion of soil fertility and the dissemination of world hunger facts . And increasingly dangerous to the fertile land in the world as a result of decertification and soil erosion and high salinity .
Today, there are more than one billion hungry people in the world. However, the above factors are not sufficient to provide an adequate explanation for the failure . He says some of the experiences that the failure of government policies play a major role in the spread of the phenomenon.
Today, forced almost half the world's population live on the equivalent of less than two dollars per day per person , and even have five of the world 's population to live in misery , because all of them live the equivalent of less than one dollar per day . All these people are sleeping on empty stomachs , or do not find what they eat it, or suffer from malnutrition world hunger facts . IE, they are suffering from hunger . However, the planet fertile enough clearly to feed more of the population today , so the lack of food , and the prevalence of hunger , and starvation is not the things normal ; has confirmed the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations United Nations twenty years ago that "the problem is not a lack of material food , as much as it is the lack of political will world hunger facts . "
The scourge of hunger and harvested the lives of many children in poor countries . The striking that countries that pursue a policy of contributing extensively to provide the workplace , almost devoid of hunger. In contrast, spreading the scourge of hunger and death due to hunger significantly in those countries where dictatorships and arbitrary . In addition, the recent economic crises the world has seen have had negative repercussions on the economies of developing countries , if the increased poverty as well as rising food prices that have increased their role in the spread of the scourge of hunger in these countries , especially between 2007 and 2008 . No sooner did food prices to start falling until exposed developing countries to the repercussions of the financial crisis and economic crisis that led to the collapse of the export sector in many of these countries world hunger facts . On the other hand , climate change has led to the spread of drought and poor harvest , which thwarted the successes that have been previously reached with respect to efforts to combat hunger , especially in China and India.
Raise the issue of the prevalence of hunger in the world mixed feelings . Of course , the experts and intellectuals offer explanations and solutions, not less conflict .
But the truth is that there is no failure of the humanitarian impact of a deeper failure in front of hunger.
And more than the absence of social security systems in developing countries to devote the scourge of hunger . Because the people in these countries poor erode the purchasing power . The farmers , who produce most of them enough and his family , do not throw enough temptation to increase their products world hunger facts ; Where available demand and the ability to purchase, suitable offers are available for it.
Some experts believe that the most important action to overcome hunger in the world lies in providing more possibilities for action , thus providing intakes encouraging the purchase. This is the case of the developing countries themselves ; , as it must - and , as happened in China and India - put the basics of the economy , so start initiatives for development. They must also reduce state control over the economy , anti- corruption , so that the private initiative , any of the private sector world hunger facts, be strengthened and increased.
He says program coordinator for food " Tele Food " of the SÃO in the Middle East and North Africa , Ismail Abu Zed said world cereal production reached 2300 million tons per year, an amount in excess of the needs of human beings , however it is still a hunger in the world where there was an increase to 90 percent in prices food products during the year , forcing developing countries to allocate billions of dollars to keep up with this increase .
Abu Zed says that every minute in ten children die an average of a child every six seconds because of hunger at the time of the focus on the amount of talk about the swine flu , while there are 17 million hungry people die each year .
He adds, "Do not underestimate what the relevant bodies of swine flu , but if the number of victims is standard , the hunger is the most dangerous " .. denounced this happens at a time when the world produces food more than he needs the money spent on arms in a single day is enough to eliminate hunger in food-deficit countries world hunger facts .
According to the Resident Representative of the Organization (SÃO) to Egypt Abdul Salam Could Ahmed , Acting Office of the Near East in the organization that the partnership between the SÃO and the international community to form the cornerstone of the organization's efforts in the fight against hunger , adding that economic policy is balanced and the weakness of investment in the agricultural sector and the ineffectiveness of programs of agricultural protection in addition to the impact of the global financial crisis represents the causes of the deterioration of the situation regarding the global fight against hunger where the number of hungry people at 105 million in 2009 .
He adds that the Arab countries import 50 percent of its agricultural as the Arab world 's biggest importer of grain , making it more susceptible to the vagaries of the market. Such a situation that is getting worse because of climate change and population growth .
The millions of poor people fought demonstrations against hunger and rising food prices in 2008 . It is likely Arvin with inflation this year to witness disorders may be more severe if governments fail to measure Saul to reduce the cost of food.
The European Commissioner for Development Louis Michel warned earlier that " shock Alerts food are on the horizon which is less visible than the oil shock is that the potential impact of the tsunami will be economically and humanly true in Africa world hunger facts."
The increased growth of large emerging economies such as China, India and Brazil demand for food . And exacerbated this phenomenon ill Seawall climate in producing countries such as Australia,
In wars , food is sometimes as a weapon , where he works to starve the enemy soldiers to seize food and livestock or destroy them , and thus affected the local markets significantly , not to mention contaminating fields and water wells, or to mine , forcing farmers to abandon their lands .
When conflicts have led to the spread of chaos in Central Africa in the nineties , the proportion of hungry people by 53 per cent to 58 per cent world hunger facts . In comparison, the malnutrition is increasing in the quiet places in Africa such as Ghana and Malawi.

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